SMARTS Consortium: 1.5-meter Telescope
The Small and Moderate Aperture Research Telescope System (SMARTS) Consortium operates four small telescopes on Cerro Tololo in Chile. Membership in SMARTS is open to individuals or institutions, including international partners.
The SMARTS 1.5-meter telescope is an open-tube Cassegrain that has been operated with both imagers and spectrographs. As of August 2020, it is operated with a single instrument, the high-resolution optical spectrograph CHIRON.
SMARTS 1.5-meter Telescope
About the SMARTS 1.5-meter Telescope
The 1.5-m telescope is mounted on an asymmetric, off-axis mount and is used on the east side of the pier. It is not possible to reverse the telescope over the pier.
The CHIRON high-resolution spectrograph is the only instrument in use at the SMARTS 1.5-m telescope as of August 2020. In the past, the 1.5-m has also hosted the following (now retired) instruments: Bench Mounted Echelle (BME) Spectrograph, the 1.5-m RC Spectrograph, the Automated Single Channel Photometer (ASCAP), OSIRIS and CIRIM IR imagers, a Cass focus CCD (CFCCD) Imager and the CPAPIR wide-field IR Imager.
All Cassegrain instruments are mounted on an instrument rotator, and thus they may be placed at any position angle on the sky. However, rotation is performed manually and can only be done near zenith, so changing the PA usually requires at least 10 min. The angle can be read to ± 0.1 degree. Variable speed, D.C. motors have been incorporated into both the right ascension and declination drives in order to improve the efficiency of the telescope for infrared work.
Restricted View Towards the 4.0-m
The view of the 1.5-meter telescope is restricted when looking towards the SE by the dome of the 4.0-meter telescope. At the following declinations, exceeding the indicated hour angle will cause the view to be obstructed:
Graph of theoretical image quality over the FOV and sensitivity of focus with temperature change.